What are the characteristics of the Solar System? We can use a planet’s gravitational pull like a scale! TESS takes a closer look at our cosmic backyard and finds an unusual, cool exoplanet. Although we find tons of new exoplanets every year, many are just cold lumps of rock orbiting distant, unknown stars. [8] Sideways. [7] Its atmosphere contains vaporized sodium, potassium, and titanium oxide—all of which absorb light. This giant planet, which is about half the mass of Jupiter and orbits its star every four days, was the first confirmed exoplanet around a sun-like star, a discovery that launched a whole new … Discovered 1994. NASA: Extreme forms of life can survive on planets with weird orbits. As a result, the water facing the star is in a supercritical state, causing it to be both a liquid and a gas at the same time. Read about more fascinating planets on 15 Fascinating Planets Outside Our Solar System and 10 Terrifying Planets You Don’t Want To Visit. Due to its high density, it’s believed that Kepler-10b contains a high amount of iron, which would cause the lava to appear a brighter shade of red. NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) has discovered a 'sub-Neptune' planet orbiting the star HD 21749, which lies about 53 light-years from Earth. With only 0.1 percent of its mass left, the white dwarf then formed an exotic crystalline companion to the pulsar—the diamond planet. Hubble Pins Down A Weird Exoplanet With A Far-Flung Orbit. Lava on the star side is heated so much that it evaporates much like water does on our planet. Latest videos. Kepler-16b has the mass of about 105 Earths and is 8.5 times the radius of our world. do; How Do We Weigh Planets? Although it may look like Tatooine, Kepler-16b cannot support life. OGLE-2016-BLG-1195Lb was found using microlensing, a process used to discover planets when they pass in front of their stars and we see the stars dim briefly.[1]. In this case, the companion star was probably a white dwarf, which is what our Sun will become when it dies. A silica-concentrated atmosphere causes the planet’s clouds to rain molten glass, which hardens as it falls. HD 189733b’s wind pushes the glass at such speeds that the shards fly through the air horizontally, slicing up everything in their path. "This Kepler discovery proves that they do." Space.com has images of the strangest alien planets discovered so far. A white dwarf is a remnant that has no more nuclear fuel. That speed is equal to almost 300,000 kilometers per second (186,000 mps) or over 1 billion kilometers per hour (670 million mph). I am relatively new to Listverse, and I see this as a great opportunity to not only earn a bit of money but to better myself as a writer! Our own sun is a single, isolated star, with a relatively simple gravitational field that rules the motions of the planets … At 650 light-years away from us, KELT-9b is tidally locked with its star, meaning that one side is constantly facing the star and one side is not.[2]. PSR J1719-1438 b is a planet made of pure diamond! This raises an important question: How many exoplanets have we missed due to the lack of light? NASA/JPL-Caltech/T. 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J1407b has been referred to as a "Saturn on steroids" or “Super Saturn” due to its massive system of circumplanetary rings about 640 times the one of Saturn’s rings. This creates large stone clouds that later condense on the relatively cooler side of the planet, where it rains large rocks. The side facing the sun reaches temperatures as high as 2,200 degrees Celsius (4,000 °F), while the other side drops to as low as -210 degrees Celsius (-350 °F).[10]. Once, astronomers thought planets couldn't form around binary stars. About 560 light-years away from Earth, Kepler-10b was the first rocky planet found outside our solar system, marking mankind’s first step toward a future of space exploration. Approximately 200 light-years away from our solar system, Kepler-16b completes an orbit around its two stars in 627 of our Earth years. But consider this: all seven of those planets orbits Trappist-1 at a distance much smaller than from our sun to the first planet, Mercury. That’s why we use long-range technology to discover distant exoplanets as well as to determine their mass and the makeup of their atmospheres. Yes, you heard that right. Weird Planets. HD 106906 b is the “forever-alone guy” of planets as it hangs out, all by itself, in the Cruz constellation, revolving around its host star at a distance 60,000,000,000 miles, over 20 times the space between Neptune and the Sun. In contrast, the deepest part of our own oceans is the Mariana Trench, 11 kilometers (7 mi) deep. Truth turns out to be far stranger than science fiction as Nasa Kepler space telescope discovers weird planets. If we could survive the extreme temperatures of this planet, it would be a sight to see. explore; Searching for Other Planets Like Ours. The system where this gas giant resides is only 15 million years old. So you can see that we don’t have the technology yet to visit our nearest neighboring system only a few light-years away. CoRoT-7b is a bizarre exoplanet because it snows rocks! [6] As a result, rocks on the surface melt, pooling in large areas and causing huge lava oceans scattered across the exoplanet’s small surface. Photos: Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system Kepler-186f was the first validated Earth-sized planet to be found orbiting a distant star in the habitable zone. These rare millisecond pulsars are supposedly formed by eating the material from a companion star. This is because Kepler-16b is one of the only exoplanets ever found that orbits a binary star system.[5]. If just 7% of those sunlike stars have habitable planets, there could be as many as 300 million potentially habitable Earth-like planets in the galaxy alone. So you have to travel a long way at high speed to see this huge ball of ice. Most read in Weird. Its temperatures range from -220 degrees Celsius (-364 °F) to -186 degrees Celsius (-302 °F), which is why it’s sometimes called the “iceball planet.”. A planet in an unlikely orbit around a double star 336 light-years away may offer a clue to a mystery much closer to home: a hypothesized, distant body in our solar system dubbed "Planet Nine." It is an exoplanet located … Published on: Sep 6, 2012. The Kepler spacecraft has discovered the most exoplanets, which are planets orbiting stars other than our Sun. The 18 exoplanets are Earth sized and include the … We extract phase curves from Spitzer photometry for the highly irradiated hot Jupiter WASP-33b and the unusually dense Saturn-mass planet HD 149026b. It would take 13,000 years to get to this exoplanet traveling at the speed of light. We’ve rounded up 10 of them for you. 55 Cancri e has mass of around 7.8 times that of Earth, and it is roughly twice our planet’s size. This makes it darker than coal or black acrylic paint. Disclaimer: This page is kept for historical purposes, but the content is no longer actively updated. However, actual science is a few steps ahead in terms of being unimaginable and downright weird. Spacecraft traveling to the far reaches of the solar system pick up some spooky sounds. Once, astronomers thought planets couldn't form around binary stars. A few million years from now, KELT-9b will have burned off all its gases and will disappear, leaving nothing but its lonely star. 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Exoplanets are far away and hard to see. Press Release - Source: NASA Posted December 11, 2020 12:36 AM Now Kepler has found a whole system of planets orbiting a double star. However, it is still a mystery as to why the planet is so dark, a mystery that may never be solved. As you’ll notice, many planets are named Kepler because of this. Every day, NASA scans the galaxy in search of new planets, stars, and systems dispersed throughout the cosmos. This suggests that our Planet Nine—if it does exist—could have formed very early on in the evolution of our 4.6-billion-year-old solar system. Some planets have turned out to … ... NASA's Dawn Gelino and Stephen Kane say yes — and that the presence of extremophiles on Earth likely proves it. We have sent many probes into space, from Voyager 1 to Juno, all with the task of first exploring our solar system and later investigating beyond it. A large, carbon-based planet with a diameter roughly five times that of Earth, PSR J1719-1438 b can be found about 4,000 light-years away from our solar system. Imagine what horrors lie within the deep waters of GJ 1214b! Perhaps an alien race inhabits this strange planet and we just don’t know about it. On the hotter side, it rains magma. For more on NASA Science, visit https://science.nasa.gov. explore; Make a Planet Mask! Official Name: 55 Cancri e Distance: 40 light-years Why it's weird: Want to make a quick $26.9 nonillion?That's $26.9 followed 29 zeros, and that's how much the diamonds on this planets … NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. 5. This finding shows that planetary systems are weirder and more abundant than previously thought. Since 55 Cancri e is tidally locked with its star, one side constantly faces the sun and the other does not. How do we look for them? We’ve only explored about 5 percent of our oceans, and we’ve found countless astounding creatures that we never expected to exist. NASA Coloring Pages. This begs the question of how these planets formed and evolved to end up in their current configuration." 13 Creepy Sounds Recorded in Space by NASA. How do Earth, the planets, and the heliosphere respond? The gas giant is approximately three times the size of our Jupiter and burns at a temperature of 4,315 degrees Celsius (7,800 °F). This exoplanet orbits 25 times closer to its star than Mercury does to our Sun and completes its orbit in only 18 hours. Occasionally, however, a planet is found that is bizarre enough to make even the most seasoned astrophysicist gape in awe. Although this is good, it’s unlikely that we will be able to use this water in the foreseeable future. GJ 1214b is a huge “waterworld” three times the size of Earth that can be found 42 light-years away from our solar system. Perhaps one of the most interesting exoplanets on this list, HD 189733b, which is 63 light-years away, rains glass. IntroductionThis seemingly simple question doesn't have a simple answer. As you’ll notice, many planets are named Kepler because of this. PSR B1257+12 b, along the fellow doomed worlds were among the first and creepiest to be discovered as they orbit an undead star known as a pulsar. TrES-2b is the darkest exoplanet ever found, reflecting less than 1 percent of the sunlight that hits it. It’s actually a miracle that we found the planet because the light was so scarce. Astronomers believe that the pulsar was once a massive star that became a stellar corpse in a supernova. The Kepler spacecraft has discovered the most exoplanets, which are planets orbiting stars other than our Sun. Modern science fiction has brought us worlds of ice or fire of giant planets. TrES-2b is about 750 light-years away from our solar system. [4], Kepler-16b is essentially the real-life equivalent of the Star Wars planet Tatooine. Now Kepler has found a whole system of planets orbiting a double star. Color and learn about some faraway worlds with these coloring pages! [9] That’s extremely fast. KELT-9b is the hottest exoplanet ever found, and it’s disappearing! NASA has confirmed the existence of a 'Planet X' which happens to share the name of a mythical planet which it is feared will destroy Earth next month. Photos: Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system Kepler-186f was the first validated Earth-sized planet to be found orbiting a distant star in the habitable zone. New Horizons sped along at over 58,000 kilometers per hour (36,000 mph), a far cry from the speed of light. This exoplanet has an atmosphere comprised of hydrogen, methane, and small amounts of helium. Imagine getting stuck in that storm! There are currently five planets classified as dwarf planets: Ceres, Pluto, Makemake, Haumea and Eris. Except for Ceres, which lies in the main asteroid belt, these small planets are located in the Kuiper Belt. Perhaps an advanced alien race uses this faraway planet as a source of freshwater. Space Sunday: supernovas, weird planets and warnings Posted on October 4, 2020 by Inara Pey The crab nebula: the remnants of a supernova that occurred some 6,500 light years from Earth, and was first recorded by Chinese astronomer in 1054. All the ice on OGLE-2016-BLG-1195Lb is thought to be freshwater. Due to immense pressure caused by the planet’s gravitational pull, the carbon has been condensed, forming a gigantic diamond. The furthest out planets orbits the star in … Nearly 2,000 planets have been found beyond our solar system, and some of them are quite strange. The Loneliest Planet. Kepler-10b is the smallest exoplanet discovered to date, and we believe that the surface is covered by oceans of lava. This exoplanet orbits a millisecond pulsar named PSR J1719-1438. To do so, we develop a new variant of Pixel Level Decorrelation that is effective at removing intrapixel sensitivity variations for long observations (> 10 hours) where the position of the star can vary by a significant fraction of a pixel. A light-year is a measure of relative distance, somewhere that’s one year away if you’re traveling at the speed of light. For more on NASA Science, visit https://science.nasa.gov. Everyone knows that NASA's planet finder discovers weird new world and 6 exploding stars. So don’t expect to find any droids there! The planet mentioned in this news story is called HD 21749b, and it was discovered by NASA’s new TESS (Transiting Exoplanets Survey Satellite) mission. Pyle (SSC) ... maybe it gets pulled in over the top in a weird way." This is hotter than most stars and almost as hot as the surface of our Sun, which burns at 5,505 degrees Celsius (9,941 °F). Although we find tons of new exoplanets every year, many are just cold lumps of rock orbiting distant, unknown stars. The surface reaches temperatures as high as 1,400 degrees Celsius (2,500 °F). Video Length: 4:04. Here, the millisecond pulsar probably ate the material from its companion white dwarf. Like many other exoplanets, it is tidally locked with its star. OGLE-2016-BLG-1195Lb is an icy exoplanet that can be found a whopping 13,000 light-years from our solar system. Weird Planets. There are at least 100 billion stars in the Milky Way, according to NASA estimates, and 4 billion are sunlike. Play ScienceCast Video: Join Mailing List: Sept. 12, ... Kepler mission principal investigator at NASA's Ames Research Center. This hellish planet’s winds can reach speeds of up to 8,700 kilometers per hour (5,400 mph), causing any strange precipitation to fall sideways. 55 Cancri e is tidally locked with its sun and has water on its surface that is both a liquid and a gas. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. This creates rock snow that would kill you if you happened to be in its presence. NEW planets beyond the Solar System have been discovered by scientists using a new technique. On the colder side, the magma hardens before hitting the ground (much like snow does on Earth). Earth’s water is equal to 0.05 percent of its mass, while GJ 1214b’s water contributes 10 percent of its mass![3]. GJ 1214b is thought to have oceans that may reach depths of as much as 1,600 kilometers (1,000 mi). Photos: Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system Kepler-186f was the first validated Earth-sized planet to be found orbiting a distant star in the habitable zone.